These are documents that are produced to give guidance on how some legal matters should be observed in a given institution for an example in a prison. The main reason as to why this guide is given is to ensure that for instance inmate’s rights are not violated. They also provide a procedure that should be followed when handling inmates. This guide also shows any changes that have happened in the course of time thus enlightening the management of a given institution to make required changes where necessary. An example of legal guide is that which was formed and issued to the Federal Bureau of Prison abbreviated as FOP and other organizations in the united states in 1930. This was to ensure that the lives of inmates in the federal custody were well guarded and handled in a humane way.
These legal guides have been changing as time goes by and therefore the federals and the other agencies had to keep on adjusting. The reason as to why these legal were produced by then it was because Federal Bureau was entrusted to take care of inmate who were sentenced and also other immigrants therefore it was necessary for the federal to be provided with guide to ensure that all the people (S) that were in their custody were not ill treated.
Due to this fact if anybody was caught violating the legal guides that were provided then and also in today’s set up he/she is considered breaking the law and thus necessary disciplinary measures are taken.
Though all legal systems treat the same basic issues in one way or another. Still jurisdictions have categorized and recognized the legal subjects in diverse forms.
A very common division that is made of the legal systems is
Public law and private law
Public law is the law which is purely objective in nature and is concerned with the state only. This law includes constitutional law, administrative law and criminal law. They govern the legal acts that should be done at the higher level of the state.
Whereas private law is something that deals with the private issues and matters of the particular subject. These laws particularly deal with the matters of property, contracts and illegal acts. Private laws are made to make people perform their private matters in the legal method.
Civil law and Trust law
Civil laws are made under the civil law system of the state. They deal with the act of making the particular acts regarding some contract or a particular offense under a universal law of obligations. Hence they make the acts to be legal in accordance with these laws of obligations.
Trust laws approve the act to be legal when it is according to the international agreements or under the legal administrations.
All these laws which consider an act to be legal or illegal are governed by the traditional core subjects. These traditional core subjects are the administrative law, constitutional law, criminal law as well as the international law. These disciplines provide guidance to the people to make the acts in a legalized way.
Free legal aid applies primarily to persons that are in need of help but cannot afford it such are social welfare beneficiaries,indigent citizens, children in proceedings, victims of criminal acts, asylum seekers and other persons under special protection. Legal aid is a way to facilitate access to the courts and other bodies that decide on the rights and obligations of citizens and foreigners in a way that costs in whole are covered by the state taking into account their financial position and the fact that they would not be able to realize this right without endangering their own livelihood and that of members of their households.
Legal aid can be realized as a primary or secondary, and the granting of any form includes exemption from fees and litigation costs. Primary legal aid includes: general legal information or advice, legal assistance in drafting documents for administrative bodies and legal persons with public authorities, representation in administrative matters, legal assistance in the peaceful settlement of disputes out of court, representation in front of the international organizations. Secondary legal aid includes: representation in court, legal assistance in the peaceful settlement of disputes in court, drafting documents in court proceedings.
Free legal aid is provided by different organizations such are self – help services in courts, non – profit organizations and agencies that provide legal aid. Free legal aid is also provided by government agencies, some law schools, lawyer – referral services that help people find lawyers, the dispute resolution programs which try to mediate problems to avoid going to court, and there are also prepaid legal services.
Legal matters include those things that are defined in the law of a give country. Thus protecting or limiting anybody from violating them in one way or the other. These materials have helped a lot of many people in knowing their rights as far as the law is concerned. These equip people with the knowledge that enable them to avoid breaking law at any given time.
These legal matters do not only protect human beings but also protects other living things those which are domesticated and them which are not domesticated too. These ensure that the lives of most animals especially wild animals are not at risk of being pushed to extinction but instead there is a law that protects them.
Apart from that legal matters help also greatly to avoid destructions and exploitation of the environment through pollutions and other ignorant human acts. This helps to ensure that environment is well taken care of for the sake of future generations.
In addition to that, legal matters have also greatly helped to protect the lives of younger children who may not know their rights in the society these help to ensure that they are safe and the required basic needs are provided to them as required by these legal matters. Legal matters also protects the lives of all physically and mentally disabled persons by providing the law that stipulates how such peoples are supposed to be treated by the general public to ensure they are not exploited.
Almost scary percentage of people have crime records. Even scarier is the fact that most of the crimes are really small and some even done due to ignorance. That is why many people with criminal records can’t even get a job because of a stupid mistake they once made. That is why, if you do not have a criminal record, and if you are leading an honest life, or at least trying to, the best way of keeping you safe from yourself and your own ignorance, giving the speed of today’s law changing, is to consult your lawyer. Or if you do not have one, then you should really consider looking for one. An attorney can help you learn about law or if you are already in some kind of trouble, he can give your possibilities and alternatives with which you can work out the perfect way of solving your problem. Leading an honest life isn’t really that easy these days. Every aspect of your life and every act of yours should be really measured and calculated in order not to get in any trouble with the law. And considering how much crime there is in modern society, not just the obvious kinds, but hidden frauds or embezzlement, you should really be on a lookout not to be drawn to these kind of things, usually very well hidden from ordinary everyday life. So, getting a reliable and experienced attorney as a support and just keeping out of any sort of trouble can be a good way of leading a normal, legal life.